The Worlds of the North and the South
Differences between the North and the South created a rift that led to the Civil War and left deep scars that Reconstruction would fail to erase.
The Industrial Revolution greatly affected the economy of the North. Inventions and improved methods of transportation supported a factory system that produced goods more quickly and cheaply. Increasing numbers of people flocked to towns and cities, seeking jobs in factories.
Unlike the North, the South depended mainly on one crop and the slave system for economic growth. Other industries and cash crops were secondary to the production of cotton, which left the South dependent on the North and Europe for finished goods. The economy of the South was based on the enslavement of African Americans. It also created three classes of white southerners.
Essential Questions: Identify how the developing "differences" between the North and the South resulted in a divided nation, a Nation Torn Apart. How did these differences lead to the Civil War? What do you believe was the biggest cause of the war and what do you believe was the most important end result of the war?
Research pictures (photographs and / or paintings), graphs, and charts of the North and South in the mid 1800s and during the Civil War. Prepare and create a pamphlet / brochure for an exhibit. Include information about each picture, graph, or chart and explain how it adds to your understanding of life in the North and South before and during the war.
- Create a pamphlet or brochure that supports your answers to the Essential Questions.
Citation and Plagiarism Resources on the Internet
The Civil War
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